Kamala Magar is a poor farmer from Saripakha, Kaski District who depends on her small farm and community forest. Kalasha belongs to the Saripakha Multiple Use Water System (MUS) developed by the iDE with support from Montview Church, Denver USA. The Saripakha MUS provides piped water to 20 disadvantaged families for domestic use and vegetable production from a spring source located in the village’s community forest. The approach embeds environmental services with water fees paying a MUS manager to maintain the system and protect the community forest water source. The community has installed a fence and planted additional trees to protect the water source. Kamala is from a disadvantaged ethnic group, she produced vegetables using MUS water improving family nutrition, earning over $300/year, and collects fodder and wood from the community forest. The MUS also saves hours every day for primarily women and girls from carrying water. iDE with support from USAID, DFID, the EU, and others has developed 500 MUS serving 80,000 people; MUS enable farmers to cope with climate change by shifting from risky rainfed agriculture to piped irrigation. Photo by iDE Volunteer, Bimala Rai Colavito.
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The photo shows a tap stand from the Majhigaun Sisnari Multiple Use Water System (MUS) in Sisneri Surkhet District. MUS are designed to provide water for domestic and agricultural use, helping community’s cope with climate change caused erratic rainfall and drought. This MUS was facilitated by the The Anukulan Project (2015-19) implemented by iDE, supported by UKAID’s flagship global BRACED climate program. The MUS serves 20 families (81 people), the cash cost was $3,000 ($150/HH) 60% was from local government through a climate adaptation fund and 40% by Anukulan. The community also provided $4,200 in labor and local materials. The MUS has increased average household income from agriculture by $328/year, improved nutrition, improved sanitation/hygiene enabling families to use latrines. It has also greatly reduced the time women and girls need to carry water, more than compensating for the time needed to grow crops and enabling girls time to attend school. Kalasha Rawal (far left) from a disadvantaged group increased her income by $700/year. Before the MUS she produced only enough food for 3-4 months. Now Kalasha’s husband has returned from working in India to help producing vegetables and taking care of their young daughter. Photo by Bimala Rai Colavito, iDE Volunteer, February 2, 2018.
A young woman from Dailekh, Nepal is on her way to collect drinking water from a spring near her village in June 2019. Although there are communal water taps in the village, villagers prefer getting drinking water from a source spring because the tank water that runs through the taps is not cool enough. So, everyday she walks to the spring, fills up her bottles and carries the water back to her home. Such springs are a major source of drinking water in Nepal, however, climate change is threatening villagers livelihoods by drying them out. This is seriously affecting communities dependent on springs for drinking water throughout the most vulnerable regions in Nepal. IWMI’s work to provide solutions to this growing issue is conducted with the DFAT Water for Women fund.
A young girl from Parsa Rural Municipality in Sarlahi pumps water from a tube well at her house in June 2019. Young girls in Nepal such as this one often hold the familial responsibility of procuring water for their household. As climate change increasingly threatens water supplies in Nepal this responsibility is becoming more and more burdensome, reinforcing unequal gender divisions of labour and marginalizing girls from economic activities. IWMI’s work to combat such discords is completed in partnership with the DFAT Water for Women Fund.
An International Water Management Institute (IWMI) colleague inspects a rural village water tank built in Shikharpur, Baitadi, Nepal in 2017. Climate change is drying out many of the mountain springs in Western Nepal, forcing rural villages to adapt and find new water sources. Water tanks ensure a stable water supply for entire villages even as spring flow depletes. Building Climate Resilience of Watersheds in Mountain Eco-Regions (BCRWME) is the first component of Strategic Program for Climate Resilience (SPCR) of Nepal. The project is carried out by IWMI, along with the Asian Development Bank (ADB), the Nordic Development Fund, and the Department of Soil Conservation and Watershed Management.
This photo was originally published in Global Waters, Vol. 10, Issue 4; story: https://medium.com/usaid-global-waters/taking-the-pulse-of-a-lifeline-to-hundreds-of-millions-of-people-a7a9d239e14a
Micro-hydro, powered by nearby streams, brings much-needed electric power to remote mountain communities. Sunbir Ghale (pictured here) maintains Simjung village’s micro-hydro plant in Gorkha district; it was badly damaged during the 2015 earthquake and Hariyo Ban funded repairs as part of its support to earthquake recovery.