Development of the new Kalobeyei Refugee Settlement near Kakuma Camp in Turkana County An aerial view of a section of Kakuma Refugee Camp. Kenya is home to 500,000 refugees, the majority fleeing conflict in Somalia and South Sudan. Kenya hosts the second largest refugee population in Africa, after Ethiopia. In Kenya, refugees live in two camps—Kakuma and Dadaab—with restricted movement and are not allowed to work outside the camps. Dadaab and Kakuma are located in the remote, arid regions of northern Kenya. USAID, through the Office of Food for Peace (FFP) provides in-kind food assistance to the World Food Program (WFP) and the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) for distribution in the camps. Refugees receive a general food ration, which consists of cereals, pulses, vegetable oil, salt and a nutrient-enriched flour. Rations are distributed by World Vision, WFP’s food distribution partner. Almost all refugees rely solely on WFP’s food for survival. In FY 16, FFP contributed $30.5 million to WFP and UNICEF ($1.5 million) for in-kind food and nutrition assistance to the refugee program. Due to the congestion of the Kakuma refugee camp, an additional camp known as the Kalobeyei Integrated Refugee Settlement, was being developed approximately 25km north of Kakuma. The plan for Kalobeyei was that it was not to be another refugee camp, but a settlement that was to encourage integration between the refugees and host communities for the mutual economic benefit of both groups.