Addressing Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation in Tropical Wetland Ecosystems of Indonesia
This brief explains the importance of tropical wetlands in global carbon cycling, particularly Indonesia’s peatlands and mangroves, and their potential value in REDD+ strategies. It also gives recommendations on conserving and rebuilding wetlands as well as areas for further research.
Mangroves are among the highest sources of carbon on earth. They are also important sources of energy and nutrients to coral reefs, serve as buffer coastal zones from tropical storms, and host valuable fish and wildlife nurseries.
They are threatened, however, by rising sea levels and other marine-related climate change effects.
With a quarter of the world’s mangroves, Indonesia has more tropical wetlands than any other country. More than half have been lost in the past three decades, however, mostly to deforestation for unsustainable oil palm cultivation.
Given their value as carbon stocks, tropical wetlands represent a high potential economic value in carbon marketing strategies. The brief notes that standardized protocols are needed for effective monitoring, reporting and verification of emissions from land use and land cover change in these ecosystems.
In order to make sound policy decisions, it urges more research on land use and carbon dynamics in tropical wetlands. This work can also improve IPCC Guidelines on methodologies for greenhouse gas inventories.