Advancing Development and Greenhouse Gas Reductions in Vietnam's Wind Sector
This report gives insights on ways that Vietnamese policymakers, planners, and analysts can use integrated planning to develop Vietnam’s wind power potential. This includes broadening stakeholder engagement, leveraging resources across multiple organizations and efforts, creating new market and workforce development prospects, and attracting international finance. The analysis supports USAID’s Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies (EC-LEDS) program in Vietnam.
Vietnam has significant wind energy resources, which, if developed, could help the country reach its aim of cutting greenhouse gas emissions by 20-30 percent by 2030. Though less than 100 megawatts of wind capacity have been installed as of 2014, its wind energy potential exceeds 1,000,000 gigawatt-hours per year, well surpassing current national electricity demand.
This report details several risk considerations for wind projects, including the availability of resource data, access to infrastructure, interconnection rules and regulations, permitting and technology availability. It also outlines ways to attract financing and demonstrates that conscientious planning can support environmental and socio-economic objectives. Finally, it gives technical and policy guidance critical to designing successful, long-term roadmaps for wind energy development. It shows how integrated planning can be used to harmonize goals across the energy and other sectors, but also across local and national policy levels.