An Assessment of Mellit and Umm Keddada localities in North Darfur State, Sudan
Sudan entered the twenty-first century facing substantial internal conflicts and related threats to human security. Most of the country’s conflicts center on competing land and natural resource uses, exemplified by disputes between pastoralists and farmers over land, water, grazing areas and forest resources. Climate variability and change, including variations in historical rainfall patterns and increasing frequency and duration of drought, exacerbate these tensions. Coupled with a history deeply rooted in overlapping, inconsistent legal frameworks establishing land tenure; uneven access to land and natural resources; diffuse and ill-defined local governance arrangements; and weak institutions, climate risks are significantly undercutting livelihoods and reducing economic growth potential.
To address the complex challenges at the nexus of conflict and climate, the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) funded a one-year pilot “Improving Community Resilience in the Face of Conflicts and Environmental Shocks: Mellit and Umm Keddada Localities in North Darfur State” under the Toward Enduring Peace in Sudan (TEPS) project. The pilot carried out a variety of climate change adaptation interventions designed to increase community resilience, enhance livelihood security, reduce local conflicts and improve natural resource management capacity. This report, part of the Pathways to peace: Addressing conflict and strengthening stability in a changing climate series by the Adaptation Thought Leadership and Assessments (ATLAS) project, analyzes the early results and lessons learned from the pilot project and provides recommendations for future programming to improve local peacebuilding and natural resource management capacity, and build the resilience of communities to respond to the impacts of climate.