A Baseline Study of Hariyo Ban Program
This ERI report is a baseline survey to support the USAID-funded Hariyo Ban Program in Nepal. This program aims to conserve biodiversity, manage sustainable landscapes, and promote climate change adaptation in the Terai Arc Landscape (TAL) and Chitwan - Annapurna Landscape (CHAL). The 5-year program is being carried out by WWF, CARE Nepal, FECOFUN and NTNC.
The survey of 27 districts covered biodiversity; landscape management and training; and governance, gender and social inclusion.
- Around half of those surveyed are aware of climate change, primarily from radio and television;
- Over 70 percent observed the impact of climate change;
- Over 70 percent believe climate change is already leading to a decline in agricultural production;
- Over 60 percent believe climate change is changing water quantity and quality;
- More than half believe climate change has impacted biodiversity, especially in productivity, species composition, and ecosystem services;
- Gorkha, Dhading, Manang, Rasuwa, Rautahat, and Kapilbastu districts have low climate change adaptation capacity. Lamjung and Banke are highly vulnerable districts; and
- There are 10 local adaptation plans in CHAL and 79 in TAL; 649 community adaptation plans in CHAL and 392 in TAL. Fifty-four groups have incorporated adaptation activities into planning.