Climate Change Adaptation in Western Africa Factsheet
This adaptation factsheet provides an overview of sector vulnerabilities and adaptation actions for Western Africa. Climate variability and change are increasingly posing a threat to Western Africa’s socio-economic development and environment. Since the 1970’s, observations indicate significant changes in the region’s climate, particularly in relation to temperature and precipitation. The high dependence of Western African communities and sectors on natural resources makes them vulnerable to climate change impacts such as rises in temperature, changes in annual rainfall, more frequent and intense rainfall events, and sea level rise. Preexisting physical, ecological, and socio-economic characteristics and stressors increase the region’s vulnerability to extreme events such as storms, flooding, and drought, which are anticipated to become more frequent and intense due to climate change.
To date, local, national and regional climate change-related initiatives in Western Africa have focused on identifying climate change impacts, threats, and vulnerabilities, developing adaptation strategies, and implementing adaptation policies, program, and projects. Nevertheless, there is still a pressing need for data, capacity building, collaboration (at national, regional, and international levels), and financial, human, and technological resources to help strengthen efforts to address current and future impacts of climate change.