Climate Change and Conflict in Uganda: The Cattle Corridor and Karamoja
Land degradation, the study noted, has increased pressures on pastoralists in both Karamoja and the Cattle Corridor. In the Cattle Corridor, the team found that competition over scarce water resources may lead to conflict. Migration tends to lead to conflict in the Cattle Corridor because of Uganda’s overlapping and contradictory land tenure systems, which also are subject to manipulation by powerful private interests. But it noted this could be resolved through water management committees and replicable and affordable water harvesting techniques.
In Karamoja and neighboring districts, the expansion of land under cultivation due to population growth has led to more conflict during seasonal migrations in search of pasture and water. However, it may be possible to coordinate the cycles of agricultural production in the green belt and the dry season westward migration to allow cattle to graze without conflicts.
The 2010 report offered recommendations, including actions the Ugandan government could take, such as implementing its National Adaptation Programmes of Action.