Climate Risk Profile: Lebanon
This profile provides an overview of climate risk issues in Lebanon, including how climate change will potentially impact agricultural production, tourism, coastal resources and water. The brief includes an overview of Lebanon, the climate and projected changes. Also included is information on sector impacts and vulnerabilities to climate change, the policy context and ongoing climate change projects in Lebanon.Find other country and regional climate risk management resources here.
Lebanon is a highly urbanized, middle-income country with a thriving tourism industry. Climate change, manifested through rising sea levels and increasing temperatures, is expected to impact the densely populated coastal urban areas that host infrastructure and industry critical to the economy. Over 85 percent of Lebanon’s residents live in urban areas concentrated along a coastline vulnerable to sea level rise, which is projected to cost $140 million in damage by 2040.
The tourism industry contributes 20 percent to the country’s GDP, and are highly weather dependent and vulnerable to higher temperatures. Lebanon imports most of its food, and rising world food prices, compounded by the effects of global climate change on agricultural yields, will increase the cost of guaranteeing food security. Although small, the agriculture sector contributes 6 percent to GDP primarily through wine and citrus production, which are vulnerable to higher temperatures and more variable rainfall patterns currently experienced and projected to continue.
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