Climate Risk Profile: Mongolia
This profile provides an overview of climate risk issues in Mongolia, including how climate change will potentially impact agriculture and pastoralism, water resources, human health, and ecosystems. The brief includes an overview and climate summary of Mongolia, as well as projected climate changes. Also included is information on sector impacts and vulnerabilities to climate change, the policy context and information regarding ongoing climate change projects in Mongolia.Find other country and regional climate risk management resources here.
In Mongolia, almost 40 percent of the population is dependent on animal husbandry and rainfed agriculture for its livelihood. Economic growth is constrained by limited water availability and low agricultural productivity. In addition, the country’s diverse climate, high dependence on coal-based energy, and growing urban population contribute to Mongolia’s ranking on the 2014 climate risk index as the eighth most vulnerable country to the impacts of extreme weather. Although evidence of climate change is growing in Mongolia, specific climate impact studies are limited.
Mongolia has been engaged in international climate change efforts since ratification of the Kyoto Protocol in 1999. The vulnerability of the animal husbandry, agriculture, forestry, and human health sectors continues to shape the country’s national adaptation agenda.
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