Climate Risk Profile: Southern Africa
This profile provides an overview of climate risk issues in Southern Africa, including how climate change will impact agriculture, water, human health, ecosystems, infrastructure and energy. The brief includes an overview of Southern Africa, the climate and projected changes. Also included is information on sector impacts and vulnerabilities to climate change, the policy context and information regarding ongoing climate change projects in Southern Africa.
Climate extremes are a major impediment to resilience in Southern Africa, where livelihoods and economies are highly sensitive to weather fluctuations. This was evidenced by floods in December 2014 and January 2015 that affected over 100,000 people, damaged homes and critical infrastructure and were linked to outbreaks of cholera. While the region boasts an incredible diversity of ecosystems, natural resources, economic activities and cultures, it is also characterized by rapid population growth, urbanization of coastal areas, encroachment into ecologically marginal areas and poverty.
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