Climate in Development: An Analysis of Climate Change Integration in Solicitations
Considering climate as a stressor on development activities has become an industry standard as climate variability and change threaten the initial success as well as the long-term viability of development projects.
This report evaluates 85 USAID solicitations and procurement documents from fiscal year 2017 to assess the extent to which climate is integrated into mission and bureau activity planning. As a follow-on study to Integrating Climate Change into USAID Activities: An Analysis of Integration at the Solicitation Level, this report explores how integration has evolved since FY 2009 across a number of variables including sector and geographic region. Given the introduction of the Climate Risk Management (CRM) guidance in 2017, this study also reviews the inclusion of climate risk assessments in the solicitations to consider if, and to what extent, the CRM policy impacts overall climate integration.
The study finds that climate integration increased substantially in FY 2017 with an integration rate of 35.3% (30/85 solicitations) compared to an average integration rate of 16% found in the previous study and that adaptation was more frequently integrated as compared to climate change mitigation. Yet, the report highlights that most sectors and regions have solicitations with high potential to integrate climate, but this potential has not been realized. Report recommendations focus on how climate integration can be enhanced to safeguard USAID development efforts in the face of climate variability and change.
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