Climate Information Factsheet: Egypt
This factsheet summarizes current and projected climate conditions for Egypt. It can serve as a resource to the climate risk screening process for USAID strategies.
It includes information on major climate categories: temperature, precipitation and flooding, drought, sea level rise and storm surge, and winds and other storms. This is broken into current conditions, 2030 projections and 2050 projections. Full sourcing is documented.
For example, it notes that between 1960 and 2003, there has been an increase in the frequency of warm nights and a decrease in the frequency of cool nights and a general increase in average summer temperatures. By 2050, the mean annual temperature in Egypt is projected to rise by 1.64°C for the RCP4.5 median ensemble.
A drop in rainfall over northern Africa is very likely by the end of the 21st century. But there is considerable uncertainty, it states, regarding projections. Expected higher temperatures will increase the possibility of more water losses from evapotranspiration, which might reduce streamflows and stored water.
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