Climate Information Factsheet: South Africa
This factsheet summarizes current and projected climate conditions for South Africa. It can serve as a resource to the climate risk screening process for USAID strategies.
It includes information on major climate categories: temperature, precipitation and flooding, drought, sea level rise and storm surge, and winds and other storms. This is broken into current conditions, 2030 projections and 2050 projections. Full sourcing is documented.
For example, it notes that high temperature extremes have become more frequent. Mean annual temperatures have increased at least 1.5 times the observed global average increase of .65°C in the past 50 years.
By mid-century, the mean annual temperature in South Africa is projected to rise by .86°C, 1.5°C and 2.4°C for the 10th, 50th and 90th percentiles, respectively, for the RCP4.5 model ensemble runs.
It notes that a drying trend has been observed for western portions of the country and surrounding region due to higher Indian Ocean sea temperatures. Future projections show a high risk of severe drought in these areas.
Find other country and regional climate risk management resources here.
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