Climate Risk Profile: Amazon Basin
This profile provides an overview of climate risk issues in the Amazon Basin, including how climate change will potentially impact ecosystems, water, agriculture, health, infrastructure, and tourism. The brief includes an overview and climate summary of the Amazon Basin, as well as projected climate changes. Also included is information on sector impacts and vulnerabilities to climate change, the policy context and information regarding ongoing climate change projects the Amazon Basin.
South America is home to one of the most important ecological zones in the world, the Amazon. This climate risk profile focuses primarily on the Amazon region which spans eight South American countries and 1 overseas territory: Brazil, Peru, Colombia, Venezuela, Bolivia, Guyana, Suriname, Ecuador and French Guiana. The Amazon basin covers 6.7 million square kilometers (km2), about 40% of the South American continent and is composed 567 million hectares of dense forest.
The ecological health of the Amazon and the planet are intrinsically linked as the Amazon forests act as an important carbon sink and have a major influence on the global carbon cycle. Their capacity in this role is being threatened partially by deforestation and fragmentation and partially by changing climate. Studies indicate that climate change may alter the Amazon’s status from a carbon sink to a carbon source, which would further exacerbate the effects of climate change globally.
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About this Resource
Geography:Latin America & Caribbean