Climate Risk Profile: Paraguay
This profile provides an overview of climate risks in Paraguay, including how climate change will potentially impact five key sectors in the country: agriculture, health, livestock, ecosystems, infrastructure and water resources. The brief also includes an overview of historical and future climate trends in Paraguay, the policy context outlining existing climate risk strategies and plans, and a list of ongoing projects that focus on climate adaptation.
Paraguay’s economy relies heavily on agriculture and livestock, with shifts in agricultural and ranching productivity directly linked to the country’s overall gross domestic product (GDP). Extreme weather events and global climatic variability, such as El Niño periods, already directly impact agricultural and livestock activities in Paraguay.
Climate change threatens to introduce greater economic uncertainty, potentially exacerbating already high rates of inequality. Not quite 30 years removed from the long-standing autocratic rule of Alfredo Strossener, increased economic uncertainty could also threaten the country’s political stability, which has been marked by relatively free and fair elections despite occasional political infighting and difficulties. Access to services and utilities, such as clean water, electricity, and telephone have improved for Paraguay’s rural poor in the past decade, yet about one third of rural Paraguayans live below the poverty line, and poverty in the country is predominantly concentrated in rural areas.