Climate Vulnerabilities and Development in Burkina Faso and Niger
This technical report outlines the economic, social, and ecological information in Burkina Faso and Niger, and through this lens assesses valued assets and services and which are at risk, existing efforts and remaining gaps, and recommendations to increase climate resilience. Despite some progress, generation of climate information is not sufficiently coordinated or harmonized between the major climate institutions in West Africa; technical services and other end-users are often unaware of climate information; and the information that is being produced often does not sufficiently consider end-user needs, thus constraining its potential uptake and use. Institutional strengthening and capacity building within the two governments and their civil societies is needed to improve the development, use, and interpretation of the latest information. This report responds to that need of more targeted climate vulnerability information in West Africa.
Burkina Faso and Niger are among the poorest countries in the world, with per capita Gross Domestic Products (GDP) in 2011 of $1,300 and $800, respectively. More than 80 percent of the citizens of each country live in rural areas. Agriculture is the most important sector to both Burkina Faso and Niger, contributing 34 percent and 40 percent to their GDPs, respectively. Through a deep-dive into the demographic data of this region, the report summarizes key considerations of building climate resilience across sectors.
Excerpt from the report:
In Section 5 of the report, “Recommendations to Increase Climate Resilience”, there are several examples listed for each of the following sectors: agricultural adaptation, food security adaptation, natural resource management adaptation, water system adaptation, urban population adaptation, health adaptation, infrastructure adaptation, and disaster risk reduction adaptation. As an example, the health adaptation recommendations are listed below:
- Enhanced collaboration between climate information providers and public health services
- Increased investment in nutrition response systems
- Building the capacities to increase understanding (via research and training) and collect data necessary for managing climate-sensitive disease epidemics
- Promotion of climate-related epidemic prevention and control measures
- Sensitization of the populations for the protection and prevention against climate-sensitive diseases