Climate Vulnerability in Asia's High Mountains
This report reviews and summarizes climate change vulnerability and impacts in Asia’s High Mountains (AHM), including the Altai, Tien Shan, Kunlun, Pamir, Hindu Kush, Karakorum and Himalaya ranges. The report is designed to provide baseline information for the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) Conservation and Adaptation in Asia’s High Mountain Landscapes and Communities project, funded by USAID. Through transnational collaboration on snow leopard conservation and climate change adaptation, the project promotes climate-smart management of high mountain landscapes and enhanced water security in local communities throughout the snow leopard range in Asia’s High Mountains.
The report includes information on the current state of climate change in AHM, current adaptation efforts, limitations of current evidence and recommendations for key research needs, current policy initiatives supporting climate change adaptation and resilience, and recommendations for future adaptation efforts.
AHM are at particular risk from shifting climate, as much of the region is highly dependent on seasonal rainfall and glacial runoff for water resources, and many communities lack the resources to respond to the effects of rapidly shifting climate. AHM are also vulnerable to increases in frequency and intensity of extreme weather. Management strategies are complicated by large spatial gradients in precipitation regimes throughout AHM, and management strategies based on regional estimates of climate change are unlikely to apply at smaller scales.
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