Colombia Climate Vulnerability Profile
This vulnerability profile provides an overview of USAID program vulnerabilities for Colombia. Temperature increases and changes in precipitation patterns are likely to be the most significant climate changes in Colombia. Water shortages are likely to become more significant. This could impact irrigated agriculture, human health, and other sectors that rely on a consistent water supply, such as hydropower. The increased temperature and decreases in precipitation are expected to contribute to a disappearance of snow-covered areas by as early as 2030. Additionally, a 56 percent decrease in moorland will further contribute to water shortages. Currently, Colombia experiences about 1.7 disasters per year including droughts and floods, often related to El Niño and La Niña, respectively. Between 2002 and 2007 Colombia experienced eight significant flood events, which affected 2.9 million people. Heavy rains in 2010 and 2011 resulted in floods that caused more than $6 billion dollars in damage to crops and infrastructure, resulted in hundreds of deaths, and displaced millions of Colombians. Sea level rise is likely to have localized impacts that may have significant effects in cities, like Cartagena, that rely on tourism. However, the most heavily populated urban centers are not located on the coast.Find other country and regional climate risk management resources here.