Dominican Republic Climate Change Vulnerability Assessment Executive Summary
USAID’s African and Latin American Resilience to Climate Change (ARCC) project conducted a climate change vulnerability assessment of the Dominican Republic in 2012-13. This executive summary contains its key findings.
In the medium and long term, this Caribbean country is projected to see less rainfall in May - usually a rainy month - and more in December, which is usually a dry month. Temperatures are expected to rise .5-1°C and 1-2.5 °C by 2030 and 2050, respectively.
Sea level rise will likely exacerbate coastal flooding and beach erosion. Tropical storms will become more intense as ocean and global temperatures continue to rise, likely exacerbating damage from coastal flooding and erosion.
These effects will impact coastal communities, businesses and agriculture. The report examines the capacity of the Dominican Republic, including government agencies, to adapt to these threats. It cites gaps, such as a lack of coordination and integration across ministries and policies and inadequate land-use and development planning.
It states that the country can strengthen its resilience by taking the following measures, giving detailed steps to take for each:
- Disaster Risk Reduction and Early Warning Systems
- Development Planning: Infrastructure and Land Use
- Management and Conservation of Coastal Habitats and Watersheds.