Economic Valuation of Sango Bay - Minziro Ecosystem
This report highlights findings of a study carried out to estimate the actual or potential contribution to livelihoods by biodiversity and ecosystem services of the Sango Bay-Minziro area, an important trans-boundary ecosystem shared by Uganda and Tanzania. Previous surveys conducted have identified the Sango Bay-Minziro area as one of the biologically significant trans-boundary ecosystems in East Africa. The overall aim of this economic valuation study was to provide baseline data on the benefits derived from different ecosystem goods and services from the area; which includes forests and wetlands, and their associated habitats.
The rapid assessment was conducted over a period of 13 days, and involved field visits; stakeholder and expert consultations at various levels; literature review; collation of existing national and district statistics; data entry, analysis and reporting. A range of techniques were used to estimate the economic value of the various ecosystem services, including:
market prices paid to buy and sell different products and services;
prices of goods that are alternatives or substitutes for environmental services;
expenditure on goods and services directly linked to environmental benefits; and
considering how a particular ecosystem service affects the value of other market goods.
A synthesis of findings from this study estimated that the Sango Bay – Minziro biologically significant area (BSA) ecosystem services contribute to livelihoods through income, food and nutrition security and supporting different sub-sectors such as crop and livestock farming and through purification of the water and air. The benefits provide incentives that can strengthen conservation efforts.