Ethiopia Pastoralist Areas Resilience Improvement and Market Expansion (PRIME) Project Impact Evaluation
PRIME aims to increase household incomes, enhance resilience and bolster adaptive capacity to climate change among pastoral people in Ethiopia. This report gives the results of baseline household and community surveys in two of the three sub-regions where the project is being implemented: Borena and Jijiga.
About 56 percent of the population in these areas, dominated by pastoralists, is impoverished based on a classification by household expenditures per capita. The main challenges to livestock rearing are animal disease and land degradation due to invasive plant species, predators, drought and overgrazing.
The report examines the ability of communities in both sub-regions to withstand shocks.
Pastoralists, it notes, are better able to recover from economic shocks than agro- or non-pastoralists. They are able to migrate, for example, although this often brings them into conflict with other groups.
A monitoring system was put in place to capture responses to shocks and stresses as they occur over the next four years. The main focus is to assess household and community capacity to manage risk. A final survey will take place near the end of the project.