Fishing Grounds and Supply Lines in Indonesia Fishery Management Areas (Part 1: Sumbawa)
This report describes the results of a 10-day field survey to Sumbawa in December 2011 by consultants from the Indonesia Marine and Climate Support (IMACS) project and People and Nature Consulting International (PNCI), together with Sumbawa and Bima Fisheries Service staff. This survey mapped fishing grounds, fisheries resources and infrastructure in Fisheries Management Areas in Central Indonesia.
The team mapped three groups of export size and quality demersal fish from between 30 and 200 meters depth; large pelagics, such as tuna, caught around fish aggregating devices and free swimming with small-scale hook and line vessels; and a combination of Skipjack, Baby Yellowfin and Eastern Little Tuna that is landed mostly with purse seines and pole and line boats.
The survey team discussed with local officials from the Indonesian Department of Marine Affairs and Fisheries opportunities for developing sustainable supply lines for exporting the species studied. One problem cited was the size of export quality demersal species, as most reach above 3 kilograms and the American market, for example, demands below this size. The survey participants concluded that customers should be re-educated when it comes to larger fish. Buying fish of a larger size, they stated, will improve the sustainability of demersal fish caught in Indonesia.