Gender and Adaptation in Agrarian Settings Report Summary
This report summarizes the findings of a study on gender in rural agricultural settings, taken from field studies in Ghana, Mali, and Malawi.
The studies suggest that adaptation interventions would benefit examining how gender intersects with age, livelihood/class, and ethnicity to produce vulnerabilities to climate variability and change. Gender should also not be assumed to be an isolated or primary cause of climate vulnerability.
The study also found that there are distinct and differentiated vulnerabilities to the impacts of climate variability and change. A distinct vulnerability is one that is tied to exposure to different stressors: for example, in Ghana, married women gain access to farmland through their husbands, while women-headed households have no direct access to land - and therefore experience different vulnerabilities.
Differentiated vulnerabilities are those where individuals in a community have different sensitivities to the same stress and/or different means to address that exposure.
This research suggests that adaptation interventions would benefit from taking a more nuanced approach to gender in design as well as implementation, monitoring, and evaluation. Such an approach would go beyond merely examine gender identity; it would also examine social identities such as age, livelihood, and ethnicity.