Greenhouse Gas Emissions Factsheet: Brazil
This factsheet provides information on 2014 greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) in Brazil. Included is an overview of emissions by sector, changes in emissions, information on carbon intensity, as well as climate change mitigation targets and plans.
Brazil’s total GHG emissions in 2014 were 1,357.18 million metric tons of carbon dioxide equivalent (MtCO2e), totaling 2.78% of GHG emissions. In Brazil, 37.4 percent of GHG emissions come from the energy sector, followed by the agriculture, land-use change and forestry, industrial processes and waste sectors which contribute 32.6 percent, 22.6 percent, 4.2 percent and 3.4 percent relatively to GHG emissions.
Brazil’s GDP increased 103% from 1990 to 2014, averaging 3.0% annually. The growth rate decelerated in 2013, however, and the country entered a recession in 2014. Unlike GDP, GHG emissions decreased 6% from 1990 to 2014, averaging 0.1% annually, largely driven by emission reductions in the LUCF sector from 2004 to 2012. Brazil emitted less GHGs relative to GDP than the world average but more than OECD countries.
Brazil pledged to reduce its GHG emissions by 37% below 2005 levels in 2025 and by 43% below 2005 levels in 2030. Sector specific goals to be achieved by 2030 include: increasing the share of sustainable biofuels to 18%, zero illegal deforestation in the Brazilian Amazon, restore 12 million ha of forests, enhance sustainable native forest management, achieve 45% renewables in the energy mix, and achieve 10% electricity efficiency gains.This User Guide explains some of the terminology in this GHG Factsheet.
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