Greenhouse Gas Emissions Factsheet: Nepal
This factsheet provides information on 2014 greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) in Nepal. Included is an overview of emissions by sector, changes in emissions, information on carbon intensity, as well as climate change mitigation targets and plans.
Nepal’s total GHG emissions in 2014 were 44.06 million metric tons of carbon dioxide equivalent (MtCO2e), totaling 0.09% of GHG emissions. In Nepal, 50.1 percent of GHG emissions come from the agriculture sector, followed by the energy, land-use change and forestry, industrial processes and waste sectors which contribute 29.6 percent, 14.8 percent, 3.6 percent and 1.9 percent relatively to GHG emissions.
Nepal’s GHG emissions fluctuated but decreased overall, by 22% (12.30 MtCO2e) from 1990 to 2014 driven by a sharp drop in emissions in the LUCF sector due to the lack of reported change in forest area from 2005 onward. According to multiple sources there is significant uncertainty in LUCF change over time. The average annual change in total emissions during this period was -0.4%, with sector-specific average annual changes as follows: agriculture (1.4%), energy (5.6%), LUCF (-3.4%), waste (2.1%) and IP (22.1%).
Nepal describes its plans to reduce GHG emissions and build climate change adaptation and resilience. The NDC does not commit to an economy-wide GHG mitigation target but includes a list of 14 goals, including participation in UN-REDD+ activities that could reduce about 14 Mt CO2e by 2020.
This User Guide explains some of the terminology in this GHG Factsheet.
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