Greenhouse Gas Emissions Factsheet: India
This factsheet provides information on greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) in India. Included is an overview of emissions by sector, changes in emissions, information on carbon intensity, as well as climate change mitigation targets and plans.
India’s total GHG emissions in 2014 were 3,202 million metric tons of carbon dioxide equivalent (MtCO2e), totaling 6.55% of global GHG emissions. In India, 68.7% percent of GHG emissions come from the energy sector, followed by agriculture, industrial processes, land-use change and forestry, and waste which contribute 19.6 percent, 6.0 percent, 3.8 and 1.9 percent relatively to GHG emissions.
India’s GDP increased 357% from 1990 to 2014, while GHG emissions increased 180%. Relative to GDP, India emits twice as many GHGs as the world average.
In its INDC, India pledged to achieve electric power installed capacity of about 40% from non-fossil fuel-based energy resources by 2030 with the help of technology transfer and low-cost international finance, create an additional carbon sink of 2.5 to 3 billion tonnes of CO2 equivalent by 2030 through additional forest and tree cover, mobilize domestic and additional funds from developed countries to implement mitigation actions, and build capacity, create a domestic framework and international architecture for quick diffusion of cutting edge climate technology in India, and for joint collaborative research and development for future technologies.
This User Guide explains some of the terminology in this GHG Factsheet.
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