Incorporating Climate Change into EPA's Planning, Management, and Budget System: Lessons for Cambodia
By Michael Brody, Heather Hosterman, and Joel Smith
Cambodia’s planning and budgeting system does not yet integrate the consideration of climate change impacts and adaptation. However, the Southeast Asian nation has expressed interest in “mainstreaming” climate change into the country’s policies, laws and plans.
This paper uses the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the counterpart of Cambodia’s Ministry of Environment (MoE), as an example of integrating climate change adaptation into a detailed planning, management and budget (PBB) system.
Although EPA does not use the term “program-based budgeting,” its system has many of the same tenets. The paper notes that EPA’s experience may provide useful examples – or perhaps a framework – for how Cambodia can potentially do this integration.
Overall, the white paper says that EPA’s planning, management, and budget system integrates climate change adaptation into its long-and short-term activities and annual budgets, which has significantly increased the level of government transparency.
The paper describes EPA’s system, discusses how climate change is integrated into it and provides an analysis of the system’s accomplishments and limitations. It then gives preliminary recommendations for modifying and adapting EPA’s system for use in Cambodia and possibly other developing countries and suggest potential next steps.
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