Indonesia Climate Vulnerability Profile
This vulnerability profile provides an overview of USAID program vulnerabilities for Indonesia. Agriculture, freshwater resources, and coastal and forest ecosystems are expected to be particularly vulnerable to climate impacts. Climate change will affect both subsistence and cash crops, with food security and economic growth implications. Changing precipitation patterns, evaporation, run-off, and soil moisture could all impact agricultural production levels. Aquaculture production may also be affected, which will threaten food security. Saltwater intrusion may alter the availability and quality of freshwater supplies during the dry season. Freshwater in Indonesia is required for irrigation, drinking water, and industrial uses. Compromised (i.e. contaminated by saltwater) and reduced availability of freshwater will thus have implications for health, agriculture, and economic production processes.
Changes in land-use, temperature, and precipitation have caused widespread wildfires and climate changes could exacerbate this problem. Mangrove systems have and will continue to feel the effects of climate variability and change, and reduced freshwater flows and sea level rise will increase pressure on these ecosystems. Indonesia is an adaptation priority country for USAID, which has several ongoing climate change-related efforts in the country.Find other country and regional climate risk management resources here.