Info Note: Accelerating Agriculture Productivity Improvement in Bangladesh: Mitigation co-benefits of nutrient and water use efficiency
Julie Nash, Uwe Grewer, Louis Bockel, Gillian Galford, Gillian Pirolli, Julianna White
This info note provides an overview of the Accelerating Agriculture Productivity Improvement (AAPI) project. Included in the info note is information on AAPI, low emissions development, the agricultural and environmental context in Bangladesh and information on agricultural practices that impact GHG emissions and carbon sequestration.
AAPI aims to improve food security and accelerate income growth in rural areas of southwest Bangladesh. In 2012, AAPI received funding from the USAID Office of Global Climate Change to incorporate climate change considerations into existing activities, including studying GHG emission changes due to urea deep placement in rice intensification programs. AAPI worked with 1.3 million farmers in 22 districts, and employed strategies around technology diffusion, capacity building, policy reform and microenterprise development.
Analysis of potential mitigation in AAPI showed a 2 percent reduction in greenhouse gas emissions, driven by urea deep placement (UDP) and alternate wetting and drying (AWD) in flooded rice systems. Given high emissions associated with conventional irrigated rice production, this represents a substantial reduction in emissions. Due to increased rice yields, UDP and AWD reduce the emission intensity (CO2e emitted per kg production) from rice production by 10–48%.
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