Institutional Assessment and Sector Analysis for the Low-Emissions Development Strategy in Guatemala
The report notes that there is currently insufficient data on each sector to develop robust GHG inventories and that the documentation process - including calculation procedures - must be improved.
By sector, agriculture has the highest emissions according to the 2005 GHG inventory, accounting for 42% of carbon dioxide equivalent. This is followed by energy, transportation, and industrial processes, respectively. The land use and forestry sector has been a net carbon sink in Guatemala, but this capacity is rapidly decreasing due to high deforestation rates.
The report states that the following steps can be taken in Guatemala to further develop a low emissions strategy:
- Reestablish the Inter-Institutional Commission on Climate Change or otherwise create a new entity to incorporate or modify activities within the different ministries or institutions involved in climate change issues.
- Take advantage of stakeholder leadership and improve institutional capacity
- Update its GHG inventory process, in part to develop a carbon baseline scenario Develop abatement cost curves