Integrating Biodiversity and Climate Change Adaptation in Activity Design
In 2012, USAID missions launched 11 activities receiving both biodiversity conservation and global climate change adaptation funding. This brief describes lessons learned from integrating these activities in order to create best practices for future programming.
It analyzes activities in Nepal, Ecuador and the Southern Africa and Asia Regional missions.
The brief notes that integration can amplify an activity’s impact and sustainability when done appropriately. However, it can also conflict with the intended goals of adaptation and biodiversity programming when done poorly. Co-funded programming should take place only when there is a multiplicative effect and activities are consistent with the intended objectives within the individual sectors.
Development priorities, problems and opportunities should flow out of critical assessments, including the congressionally mandated tropical forests and biodiversity assessment or a more detailed Environmental Threats and Opportunities Assessment, and a climate vulnerability assessment.
The brief recommends using some version of a systems analysis to identify linkages and common pressure points for adaptation and biodiversity conservation. Intersections where vulnerable ecosystem services have a large impact on human well-being and where biodiversity and people rely on a shared vulnerable resource may serve as good areas for integration.