Integrating Gender Considerations into Community-Based Adaptation in Agrarian Communities in the Lower Mekong Basin
This report explores the gender dimensions of vulnerability to climate change in agrarian communities of the Lower Mekong Basin (LMB). The report aims to highlight insights, opportunities and challenges that may help policymakers and practitioners carry out more inclusive, gender-responsive adaptation planning for rural communities. It also contributes toward expanding our understanding of gender and community-based adaptation (CBA) based on the project's on-the-ground experience in adaptation planning and implementation in the Lower Mekong Basin. The paper highlights key lessons learned and provides recommendations on how to integrate gender considerations into CBA in order to account for differentiated vulnerabilities to climate change impacts.
The report draws heavily on USAID Mekong ARCC’s experience planning and implementing CBA activities with rural communities across Cambodia (Kampong Thom Province), Lao People’s Democratic Republic (Khammouan Province), Thailand (Chiang Rai and Sakon Nakhon Provinces) and Vietnam (Kien Giang Province). These communities are located in “hotspot” areas of the Lower Mekong Basin which are projected to experience the greatest changes in temperature and rainfall based on global climate models. Their vulnerability and adaptive capacity to climate change impacts is shaped by their relatively poor economic status, though there is significant variation between the sites. Climate-related shocks and stresses - such as increased temperatures, extreme weather events and irregular rainfall - are projected to place pressure on their predominantly agrarian livelihoods.
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