Khumbu Local Adaptation Plan for Action (LAPA): Report Summary
By Alton Byers and Shailendra Thakali
This report explains a plan of actions that Nepal’s Khumbu region can take to adapt to threats posed by climate change. This Local Adaptation Plan for Action (LAPA) was developed over the course of two years through work carried out by the High Mountains Adaptation Partnership (HiMAP), which is funded by USAID.
Communities living within mountainous regions such as Nepal are particularly vulnerable as temperatures rise, glaciers recede, new glacial lakes form and weather becomes less predictable. The Khombu region has extreme topography and is very remote.
This summary report explains a seven-step framework for carrying out a LAPA and how this was applied for Khombu. The process includes assessing climate vulnerabilities and prioritizing adaption options.
The Khombu LAPA was based on community meetings and workshops and the results of field investigations by scientists. Those focused in part on the risk that Imja Glacial Lake would have a glacial lake outburst flood (GLOF) event.
The report includes local observations of climate impacts across sectors, including trekking and mountaineering. It then lays out suggested adaptation options, ranked in order of priority by participants. They identified research and monitoring of glacial lakes and creating early warning systems for GLOFs as the top priority. Related adaptation measures also include creating disaster management systems and insurance coverage for porters.
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