Land Use in a Future Climate Agreement
Manuel Estrada, et al.
This paper explores options for including land use in a future (post-2020) climate change agreement as anticipated by the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) Ad Hoc Working Group on the Durban Platform for Enhanced Action (ADP). Land use options are considered with regard toward reaching agreement under the ADP, keeping in mind the level of ambition of global efforts, and the need to accelerate the reduction of global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions.
The paper discusses the features of land use that have differentiated its treatment from that of other sectors and assesses options to address these features in a future agreement. It examines options to increase the coverage and mitigation effectiveness of land-use contributions, and explores requirements for increasing the clarity, transparency and understanding of these contributions. Finally, the paper examines options for creating incentives in the land-use sector that will increase mitigation ambition.
The paper concludes that an ambitious global Agreement to reduce GHGs—as called for in the ADP—implies a greater role for the mitigation of GHGs associated with land use, and that there are no fundamental barriers to treating land-use contributions, or incentives, on a basis comparable with other sectors if Parties wish to do so in an Agreement under the ADP.
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