Lessons learned from PEACE III: A mid-cycle portfolio review
Climate variability and recurrent drought, against a backdrop of authoritarian governance, political marginalization, and resource scarcity, have combined to destabilize communities and impede economic development across the East Africa region. In particular, the arid and semiarid lands along the borders between Kenya and its neighbors have been areas of conflict among pastoralists and agropastoralists from diverse ethnicities and clans. To address these challenges, the United States Agency for International Development (USAID)-funded Peace in East and Central Africa project, known as PEACE III, promotes regional stability by strengthening the relationship between communities and local governments in cross-border areas and improving the ability of regional and national institutions to respond rapidly and effectively to conflict.
Drawing on USAID’s Conflict Assessment Framework and reviewing the project’s integration of conflict work, climate change and natural resource management, this report assesses the project’s results and impact on conflict and climate resilience in two “clusters” of the East Africa region: the Somali Cluster (Kenya, Somalia and southern Ethiopia) and the Karamoja Cluster (Kenya, Uganda, southwestern Ethiopia and southeastern South Sudan). It captures lessons learned from project implementation and provides recommendations for future programming to build on PEACE III’s contributions to local and regional efforts to prevent conflict. Key recommendations include elevating the importance of diverse and geographically representative peace committees to improve the legitimacy of conflict prevention, and management and resolution processes in order to ultimately help governments respond more effectively to climate change.