Climate Risk Profile: Macedonia
This profile provides an overview of climate risk issues in Macedonia, including how climate change will potentially impact agriculture, water resources, energy, and ecosystems. The brief includes an overview and climate summary of Macedonia, as well as projected climate changes. Also included is information on sector impacts and vulnerabilities to climate change, the policy context and information regarding ongoing climate change projects in Macedonia.
Macedonia is characterized by a variable climate, which, combined with rising temperatures and more extreme weather events, such as floods and drought, due to climate change, put the country’s agriculture sector at risk. Forests cover about 40 percent of the country’s land, and higher temperatures combined with drought increase the risk of wild fires. With a relatively open economy, reliance on foreign trade is high and, except during the global economic crisis, economic growth has remained stable since the country gained independence in 1991.
Notable industries include food and beverage products, electricity, gas, steam, and air conditioning supply, and textiles manufacturing. Road systems and infrastructure are well developed, though transportation energy use per capita is lower than most other European countries. While traditionally not competitive in the tourism industry, Macedonia has been prioritizing growth in this sector since 2009.