Malawi Climate Change Vulnerability Assessment Executive Summary
This report summarizes key findings from report on current and future climate change impacts in southern and central Malawi and to what extent this African nation is prepared to adapt to these impacts.
Malawi is projected to experience heavier and less predictable rains, hot spells and extended dry periods. This will likely make it more difficult for farmers to decide when to plant and harvest crops such as maize - mostly rainfall fed - and sorghum. Indeed, farmers are already adjusting these activities in response to changes they have observed. Fisheries, already on the decline, have and will be increasingly impacted.
Climate change is also exacerbating the effects of environmental degradation, population pressures, widespread poverty, and unsustainable land use practices. Rural communities are finding that their land, already depleted, is being further degraded by heavy rains and floods.
The report recommends the country take these adaptation measures:
- Improve access to science and analysis for adaptation decision making
- Establish effective governance systems for adaptation
- Identify, promote, and pilot actions that increase climate resilience.