Malawi Climate Change Vulnerability Assessment Report
The Malawi Vulnerability Assessment’s goal was to understand current and projected climate change impacts in central and southern Malawi, and to explore to what extent national and district government entities, rural communities, and households are equipped to adapt to those impacts. This report contains those findings.
The climate analysis underscores the variability of Malawi’s climate, which is strongly influenced by oscillations of sea-surface temperatures, such as the El Niño Southern Oscillation. Climate trends are nonetheless clear. Malawi is projected to experience heavier and less predictable rains, hot spells and extended dry periods.
This will likely make it more difficult for farmers to decide when to plant and harvest crops such as maize - mostly rainfall fed - and sorghum. Indeed, farmers are already adjusting these activities in response to changes they have observed. Fisheries, already on the decline, have and will be increasingly impacted.
Climate change is also exacerbating the effects of environmental degradation, population pressures, widespread poverty, and unsustainable land use practices. Rural communities are finding that their depleted land is being further degraded by heavy rains and floods.
The report recommends the country take these adaptation measures:
- Improve access to science and analysis for adaptation decision making
- Establish effective governance systems for adaptation
- Identify, promote, and pilot actions that increase climate resilience.