Mangrove Reserves in Five West African Countries
Mangroves of Côte d’Ivoire are found between Fresco and the Liberian border, along the Cavally River. Another group lies between Assinie and Fresco, characterized by rivers flowing into wide lagoons.
In Ghana, mangrove swamps are very restricted in area and distribution and rarely develop beyond the thicket stage. The most developed mangroves are found in the west of the country along the low-lying coastal belt between Côte d’Ivoire and Cape Three Points.
In Guinea, mangroves are found along the length of the coast except for Cape Verga and Kaloum Island. The topography facilitates the deposition of sediment and submersion of the mouths of rivers.
Except for few places, primary mangrove forest in Liberia has been replaced by secondary mangrove forest. These mangroves characterize this country’s wetlands and cover a small area along the coast, at the edges of lagoons, swamps and along the banks and estuaries of six rivers.
In Sierra Leone, they are found along the length of the coast, usually on tidal flats at the river mouths.