Monitoring the Impact of Climate Change on Temperature and Surface Wetness Values in Kazakhstan
By Alan Basist, Azamat Kutuzov and Neil Thomas
This report gives the results of a study that measured both natural variability and climate change indicators in Kazakhstan.
Most climate models show that Central Asia will face higher temperatures and reduced soil moisture, impacts that will hurt food supplies. Detecting and sharing trends and shifts in climate variability will help policymakers plan for securing food in the event of scarcity.
The study used remote sensing techniques to detect changes in land surface temperature and wetness from 1988 to 2013.
Much of Kazakhstan is extremely dry and extensive agriculture can only be performed in the northern three administrative regions and along the eastern edge of the country that abuts the Tibetan plateau.
The study found an overall trend in increasing surface wetness. Annual temperature also showed a warming trend during the period reviewed. Large swings in temperature and wetness are most evident in the last 5 to 10 years of the satellite record.
In the north, there is concern that variability could be increasing, making that part of the country vulnerable to drought.
The study includes findings supported by graphs for administrative districts across the country.
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