Near Real-time Alert Systems for Community-based MRV in Colombia
This report examines an activity by USAID’s Forest Carbon, Markets and Communities (FCMC) program that supports its efforts to help Colombia to develop a national measurement, reporting, and verification (MRV) system for REDD+ initiatives.
The activity was the creation and testing of a near real-time system to monitor deforestation and provide fire alerts. It uses satellite remote sensing to detect changes in forest cover or fire activity. Alerts of these activities are sent to lists of subscribers based their location, whether they are occurring within protected areas, their size or intensity, or land use characteristics.
The system was created by the Institute of Hydrology, Meteorology and Environmental Research (IDEAM) and Conservation International (CI). The activity was conducted in the department of Caquetá, which has high deforestation rates. Its aim was to increase engagement between communities and the national MRV system and institutions
Once the system was put in place, a contractor began sending out deforestation alerts to a local community in Caquetá and regional officials in 2014. Workshops were held to explain the system to all end users and generate feedback
FCMC also supported the development of an automated fire alerts system and CI provided fire alerts through its Firecast web portal.