Nigeria Climate Vulnerability Profile
This vulnerability profile provides an overview of USAID program vulnerabilities for Nigeria. Changes in climate may alter Nigeria’s major ecological zones. Agricultural ecosystems, freshwater and coastal resources, forests, and biodiversity are all susceptible to impacts from climate changes. Such impacts include increases in soil erosion, flooding, desertification, and salt-water intrusion. Additionally, the country’s coastal zone and low-lying islands in the Gulf of Guinea are vulnerable to sea level rise. An estimated 27 to 53 million people in the country may need to be relocated with a 0.5 meter increase in sea level. Nigeria’s coastal and marine areas are also home to the country’s economically important petroleum and fisheries industries. The country’s transportation infrastructure, which is inadequate for current needs, will be further degraded by extreme weather, negatively impacting industry and commerce and placing greater stress on the economy. The few existing adaptation projects in Nigeria, funded through various agencies, work toward understanding the potential impacts of climate change, increasing awareness of these risks, and supporting the government in building its capacity to address climate change impacts.Find other country and regional climate risk management resources here.