NMHS Capacity Assessment Tools and Findings
Many African National Meteorological and Hydrological Services (NMHS) contend with limited human capital, lack of financial resources, and obsolete technologies. Despite covering a fifth of the world's total land area, and having a population of over one billion, Africa has the least developed weather and climate observation network of all continents, and the network is deteriorating. Developing effective Climate Information Services (CIS) requires considerable investment.
To help NMHSs, national governments, international and bilateral development donors identify specific capacity gaps and evaluate improvements over time the USAID-funded Assessing Sustainability and Effectiveness of Climate Information Services (Sustainable CIS) project developed and piloted a framework called the National Meteorological Service Assessment Tool. The tool was tested with the NMHSs in Senegal, Ethiopia, Rwanda, Malawi, Mali, Cote d’Ivoire and Niger, resulting in a series of specific recommendations for each.
The National Meteorological Service Assessment Tool is an Excel file comprised of:
- a framework to understand capacity;
- a set of metrics based on that framework that measures capacity;
- a survey questionnaire designed to collect data needed for the metrics; and
- a data collection and analysis protocol.
The report Development of Metrics to Assess National Meteorological Services in Africa describes the capacity assessment approach used in the National Meteorological Service Assessment Tool, the methodology for applying it, and a summary of the results from assessing the capacity in seven NMHSs.
The report NMHS Capacity Development Assessment; Assessing the current status and priority needs of Climate Information Services in Africa presents findings from testing the National Meteorological Service Assessment Tool in Senegal, Ethiopia, Rwanda, Malawi, Mali, Cote d’Ivoire and Niger. The report identifies capacity gaps in delivering CIS and priority interventions aimed at bridging the identified gaps in each country.
Please find the NMHS Capacity Assessment tools and findings below: