An Overview of Climate Change and Biodiversity in Uganda
This report assesses how biodiversity and ecosystem services in Uganda will likely be affected by climate change in as well as potential adaptation strategies for addressing these impacts.
USAID’s African and Latin American Resilience to Climate Change (ARCC) project examined the Uganda’s Albertine Rift and Karamoja region. As a whole, the country is expected to see temperatures rise more than 2°C by 2030 and rainfall will become more variable, with more rain expected during the dry season.
Uganda is rich in biodiversity, home to great apes and other globally important species. Its habitats are diverse, ranging from vast wetlands to grasslands. The Albertine Rift and Karamoja region house most of the country’s protected areas.
Climate change, the report states, will hurt the hydrological cycle of forested water catchments by weakening their capacity to maintain water cycles and recharge groundwater. This is likely to lead to a shift in flora and fauna; disturb the balance between species; cause habitat degradation due to greater prevalence of invasive species; and increase the occurrence of wild fires. The report lists seven ways that ecosystem goods and services that support livelihoods will likely be adversely affected.
It offers recommendations for improving Uganda’s capacity to adapt to climate change, such as a national REDD+ process.