An Overview of Climate Change and Health in Uganda
Climate change has significant direct and indirect health implications for Ugandans. This report by USAID’s African and Latin American Resilience to Climate Change (ARCC) project details what those effects are and what policies and strategies could be implemented to address them.
Temperatures in Uganda are projected to rise by more than 2°C by 2030 and rainfall will become more variable, with more rain expected during the dry season. This, in turn, is expected to increase the frequency of floods and landslides in addition to exacerbating diseases.
Malaria is endemic in 95 percent of Uganda and higher temperatures will allow it to proliferate in regions where it has been sporadic. Climate change is also expected to increase the prevalence of many other endemic and imported infectious diseases.
The report also outlines how climate change will also impact livelihoods. It notes that diseases are exacerbated by poverty and poor socioeconomic conditions.
It outlines current development programs aimed at addressing climate health threats and issues recommendations, including national policies, sector programs, the generation and sharing of more health information and community capacity building.