Pakistan Climate Vulnerability Profile
This vulnerability profile provides an overview of USAID program vulnerabilities for Pakistan. Under future climate scenarios, rising temperatures and erratic rainfall could limit the country’s ability to sustain its current levels of agricultural and livestock production. Agriculture uses 92 percent of the country’s extracted water, which makes it highly vulnerable to changes in hydrologic balance. In Pakistan, about 90 percent of agricultural output comes from irrigated land and the irrigation network receives 50 to 80 percent of its water directly from glaciers and snow melt in the Karakuram Hindu Kush series. Any change in the glacier mass balance will directly affect irrigated agriculture. Increasing temperatures could also increase demand for irrigation by triggering evapotranspiration. Further, erratic rainfall could increase the vulnerability of energy production, as 33 percent of Pakistan’s energy supply is hydropower-driven. Availability of freshwater for key requirements such as drinking water and industrial uses will be diminished as most of this water comes from groundwater aquifers. Coastal communities and infrastructure are likely to be impacted by severe cyclones, storm surge, saltwater intrusion, and flooding during wet years. In Pakistan, adaptation projects have mainly focused on water but also address disaster risk reduction, policy formulation, agriculture, and energy.Find other country and regional climate risk management resources here.