Hariyo Ban Program: Promoting Climate Change Adaptation in Nepal
This brief gives an overview of the Hariyo Ban Program in Nepal, which is designed to work with the country’s government, communities, civil society, and the private sector to safeguard Nepal’s heritage and adapt to climate change. It focuses on the impact of climate change on Nepal’s ecosystems and the strategies the program is using to improve the resiliency of these ecosystems and communities.
The brief lays out steps for carrying out integrated climate adaptation into local development plans, noting the purpose of each step and the tools used. Hariyo Ban works with district agencies in each sector in Nepal to mainstream climate change into their planning.
Seasonal temperatures in Nepal are increasing at a faster rate than the global average, and this trend is likely to continue, with mean averages rising 1.2°C by 2030. Rainfall during the monsoon season is expected to increase by 15 to 20 percent, while winter rainfall is expected to decrease. These combined changes may lead to drought. These impacts are exacerbated by deforestation and forest degradation; unsustainable farming practices; haphazard infrastructure; rapid urbanization; poverty; air pollution; and growing energy demand.