Rapid Assessment of the Political, Legal and Institutional Setting: Cambodia
Cambodia has one of the highest levels of forest cover in Southeast Asia - about 10.2 million hectares. The country is still in the early stages of institutional and other preparations for adopting REDD+. The Forest Carbon Partnership Facility has raised concerns about a lack of strategies to address forest land tenure and resource rights as well as conflicts over land.
It notes that the issuance of land concessions is a major driver of deforestation, but that senior officials have shown support for tackling deforestation and having Cambodia involved in multilateral REDD+ processes. There are substantial opportunities for assistance to help improve the policy and legal environment.
The following are potential areas for support:
- Assisting with administrative and judicial reform efforts, framed in a manner consistent with REDD+ aims
- Developing sustainable forest management
- Developing a national REDD+ strategy
- Assisting with financing mechanisms for REDD+, including payments for ecosystem services
- Expertise in defining and implementing a “nested” approach to REDD+