Rapid Assessment of the Political, Legal and Institutional Setting: Lao PDR
This report assesses the national, institutional, political and legal circumstances relevant to forest and land use in Laos. It also identifies ways institutional donors can support REDD+ readiness.
Laos, it states, is comparatively well on track regarding REDD+ readiness. The country has gained access to all major funding sources and is one of the eight countries included in the Forest Investment Program of the World Bank‘s Strategic Climate Fund.
Laos is in the process of developing a national REDD+ strategy and strategic opportunities are already being spelled out. However, it states that support is needed to address institutional and legal reforms and implementation needs in a timely manner.
The Government would welcome pilot project activities and technical assistance. Laos‘s experience with carbon accounting so far is limited. Hence, significant knowledge regarding forest carbon projects will need to be developed if the country aims to access funding under a future REDD+ mechanism or the voluntary carbon market. Forest cover in Laos, as of 2011, is estimated at 16-18 million hectares, with an estimated annual deforestation rate of 0.5-0.6%.
The report spells out five opportunities for policy assistance in order to strengthen the country’s readiness for REDD+.